Sunosi®▼ (solriamfetol) for EDS
Posted in Industry News on 9th Nov 2021
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Issues Positive Guidance for Jazz Pharmaceuticals’ Sunosi®▼ (solriamfetol) for the Treatment of Adults with Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS) Caused by Narcolepsy
Sunosi®▼(solriamfetol) is the first treatment for adults with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) caused by narcolepsy to receive a positive recommendation from NICE
Pivotal Phase 3 Treatment of Obstructive sleep apnoea and Narcolepsy Excessive Sleepiness (TONES) studies demonstrated the clinical effectiveness and safety profile of solriamfetol in people with narcolepsy. TONES 5 demonstrated that the clinical effects of solriamfetol were maintained long-term
Positive NICE recommendation means solriamfetol will be available in England and Wales to adults with EDS caused by narcolepsy for whom modafinil and either dexamfetamine or methylphenidate* have not worked well enough or are not suitable
Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc announced on 18th November, 2021 that the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has issued a positive Final Appraisal Document (FAD) recommending Sunosi®▼ (solriamfetol) for adults with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) caused by narcolepsy. 1 Solriamfetol is recommended as an option for treating EDS in adults with narcolepsy with or without cataplexy. This is only if modafinil and either dexamfetamine or methylphenidate* have not worked well enough or are not suitable. 1
EDS is a defining clinical symptom of narcolepsy and is usually the first symptom to appear. 2,3 EDS can interfere with every aspect of a person’s life including their physical and mental health, relationships, employment, career, daily activities, social interactions and family life. 4
“This decision increases treatment options for people with narcolepsy, creating more opportunity for them to access effective treatment sooner. This is a key aim of Narcolepsy UK’s Charter as access to effective treatment can dramatically improve multiple aspects of people’s lives including their education, working, family and social life,” said Matt O’Neill, chair of trustees at Narcolepsy UK. “We welcome NICE’s decision and the committee’s recognition of the need for pragmatism when faced with limited evidence with which to compare the cost-effectiveness of treatments for rare diseases such as narcolepsy.”
Dr Paul Reading, Consultant Neurologist at South Tees National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust, said: “NICE’s recommendation to offer routine NHS access to solriamfetol gives clinicians a much-needed additional treatment option in the management of EDS in narcolepsy for adult patients. Solriamfetol is a once-daily, effective therapy with an interesting mechanism of action as a dual-acting dopamine and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor.”
Commenting on the recommendation, Simon Newton, General Manager, UK and Ireland, at Jazz Pharmaceuticals, said: “We are delighted that by recommending Sunosi®▼, NICE has given a green light to the NHS to fund a treatment for EDS in adults with narcolepsy. NICE’s recommendation marks an important milestone in our commitment to offer life-changing medicines that address unmet needs for people living with chronic, and often highly-debilitating, sleep disorders.”
* Methylphenidate is not licensed for the treatment of EDS due to narcolepsy in the UK
Read Recent Advances in Narcolepsy by Dr Paul Reading in ACNR.
- National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Solriamfetol for treating excessive daytime sleepiness caused by narcolepsy [ID1602] – Final Appraisal Document 2021. Available from: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/indevelopment/gid-ta10524/documents Last accessed: November 2021.
- Sahni, A.S., et al., Management Of Excessive Sleepiness In Patients With Narcolepsy And OSA: Current Challenges And Future Prospects. Nat Sci Sleep, 2019. 11: p.241-252.
- Sateia, M.J., International classification of sleep disorders-third edition: highlights and modifications. Chest, 2014. 146(5): p.1387-1394.
- Narcolepsy UK. Narcolepsy Charter. 2019. Available from: https://www.narcolepsy.org.uk/sites/narcolepsy.org.uk/files/resources/files/NUK_Charter_v12%28withQR%29.pdf Last accessed: November 2021.
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Narcolepsy fact sheet. 2018. Available from: https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Narcolepsy-Fact-Sheet Last accessed: November 2021.
- National Health Service. Narcolepsy – Overview. 2019. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/narcolepsy/ Last accessed: November 2021.
- Narcolepsy UK. About Narcolepsy. 2019. Available from: https://www.narcolepsy.org.uk/about-narcolepsy Last accessed: November 2021.
- Dauvilliers, Y., I. Arnulf, and E. Mignot, Narcolepsy with cataplexy. The Lancet, 2007. 369(9560): p.499-511.
- Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research (Board on Health Sciences Policy), Ch 3. Extent and Health Consequences of Chronic Sleep Loss and Sleep Disorders, in Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation: An Unmet Public Health Problem, H.R. Colten and B.M. Altevogt, Editors. 2006, The National Academies Press,: Washington DC, USA.
- Peacock, J. and R. Benca, Narcolepsy: clinical features, co-morbidities & treatment. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 2010.131(2): p.338-349.
- Thorpy, M.J., et al., A randomized study of solriamfetol for excessive sleepiness in narcolepsy. Ann Neurol, 2019. 85(3): p. 359-370.
- Malhotra, A., et al., Long-term study of the safety and maintenance of efficacy of solriamfetol (JZP-110) in the treatment of excessive sleepiness in participants with narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep, 2020. 43(2).
- Strollo, P.J., Jr., et al., Solriamfetol for the Treatment of Excessive Sleepiness in OSA: A Placebo-Controlled Randomized Withdrawal Study. Chest, 2019. 155(2): p.364-374.
- European Medicines Agency. Sunosi: EPAR – Public Assessment Report (12/02/2020). 2020. Available from: https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/documents/assessment-report/sunosi-epar-public-assessment-report_en.pdf Last accessed: November 2021.
Narcolepsy is a chronic, debilitating neurological disorder characterised by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and an inability to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally. 5 An estimated 30,000 people in the UK have narcolepsy. 6,7 Patients with EDS due to narcolepsy experience sleep attacks and, despite fighting the urge to sleep, may unintentionally fall asleep for short periods. 8,9
These sleep attacks may happen at inappropriate or potentially dangerous times such as during driving, cycling, eating, or mid-conversation.10 There is no cure for narcolepsy, therefore this EDS is lifelong and has a substantial negative impact on a person’s ability to function psychologically, socially and professionally.4 Early access to effective treatment can transform lives and reduce the impact of narcolepsy on a person’s physical and mental health4
Once-daily Sunosi®▼(solriamfetol) is indicated to improve wakefulness and reduce EDS in adult patients with narcolepsy with the approved doses of 75 mg or 150 mg daily. The NICE recommendation for solriamfetol is based on data from three studies in the Treatment of Obstructive sleep apnoea and Narcolepsy Excessive Sleepiness (TONES) clinical trial programme.1,11,12,13 The clinical trial programme for solriamfetol evaluated over 900 adults with EDS associated with narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Solriamfetol demonstrated its superiority relative to placebo and was shown to maintain its effect after six months of use. 11,12,13,14
For a full list of side effects and information on dosage and administration, contraindications and other precautions when using solriamfetol, please refer to the Summary of Product Characteristics, included with this press release, for further information: https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/11016/smpc
About Jazz Pharmaceuticals
Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc (NASDAQ: JAZZ) is a global biopharmaceutical company whose purpose is to innovate to transform the lives of patients and their families. We are dedicated to developing life-changing medicines for people with serious diseases—often with limited or no therapeutic options. We have a diverse portfolio of marketed medicines and novel product candidates, from early- to late-stage development, in neuroscience and oncology. Within these therapeutic areas, we are identifying new options for patients by actively exploring small molecules and biologics, and through innovative delivery technologies and cannabinoid science. Jazz is headquartered in Dublin, Ireland and has employees around the globe, serving patients in nearly 75 countries.